Santa Coloma de Farners is the capital of the region of La Selva, and is located in the middle of it, on the border between the plain and the mountains of Les Guilleries. It currently has almost 13,000 inhabitants. It is at an altitude of 142 meters above sea level; It is 24 km from Girona, 90 km from Barcelona, and 30 km from the Costa Brava, and it has a wide range of educational, cultural, medical, gastronomic and leisure services.
The municipal district includes the urban nucleus, the neighbors of Sant Pere Cercada, Castanyet, Sant Miquel de Cladells, Vall and Vallors, and the urbanization of Santa Coloma Residencial. Santa Coloma benefits from a transition orography: from the urban center to the East begins the plain of La Selva, while towards the west you find Les Guilleries with the buttresses of L'Espinau, Santa Bàrbara, and La Serra of the Crow In this semicircle of mountains there are scattered hills, valleys, nests and festoons, a whole array of hermitages of great historical, artistic and religious interest that deserve a visit.
The first written reference is found in 886 when the site of Sauleda is cited, while in 950, Bishop Gotmar of Girona consecrated the new church, destroyed years ago by Hungarian soldiers. From this time, the castle of Farners, which had watch functions to control the Osona path in Girona, also dates back to refuge in case of possible occasional attacks. The first mention of the name Farners was found in the middle of the 11th century when Ramon Folch de Cardona offered the castle to the Count of Barcelona Ramon Berenguer I; Castlans were the family of the Farners.
The evolution of the city
In 1497 Santa Coloma already had about 350 inhabitants, and 43 farmhouses remences were redeemed with payment. Growth was sustaining in the following years, until the death of the royal bailiff in April 1640 was answered by the viceroy setting fire to most houses and farm houses: days later the Corpus of Sang, and the Reapers' War was already a reality.
In 1497 Santa Coloma already had about 350 inhabitants, and 43 farmhouses remences were redeemed with payment. Growth was sustaining in the following years, until the death of the royal bailiff in April 1640 was answered by the viceroy setting fire to most houses and farm houses: days later the Corpus of Sang, and the Reapers' War was already a reality. In 1718 the population was of 823 inhabitants, who in little more than 70 years tripled thanks to know how to take advantage of its enclave on horseback between the Guilleries and the coast. The second half of the 19th century witnessed a significant growth in economic activity, which resulted in the urban expansion of the city itself: the construction of the road from Santa Coloma to Sils was completed, the carlins set fire to Farners house and the space becomes the town square, the Fair Square is built, which contains livestock and agricultural fairs, the side streets in San Sebastián are being built, and Calle Mayor is connected with the street Virgin Mary. At the same time, the cultural and associative activity is very incensing, with the proliferation of casinos and ateneos, the appearance of weekly, and the creation of songs, among other activities. At the beginning of the 20th century (1901) Santa Coloma already has 4,600 inhabitants, and soon the city title will be awarded in recognition of its economic, cultural and political relevance in the region. Throughout this century, the city's growth has been strengthened, with the incorporation of new administrative, social and service facilities that make up the city as we know it today: the capital of the county of La Selva, with a population of almost 13,000 inhabitants.